Jak wykuwała się ruska stal…

Pamiętacie może moją notkę o tym jak, z bardzo wydatną pomocą (części kalwińskiej) walońskich przedsiębiorców, Szwedzi stali się stalowym mocarstwem? Trzeba wrócić do tych czasów i podobnych „inspiracji”, które z kolei dały odpowiedni impuls Moskalom.

Zanim o tym zacznę, warto zaznaczyć ważną wówczas różnicę między Moskwą a Sztokholmem – Moskale byli wtedy praktycznie całkowicie sterowani z zewnątrz – do mojej o tym notki wypada mi teraz dorzucić taki oto „niewinny” cymes:

The All-Joking, All-Drunken Synod of Fools and Jester (1692–1725) was a club founded by Peter I of Russia. The group included many of Peter’s closest friends, and its activities centered mostly around drinking and partying. The group was not without controversies; some of its parodies against the Church in particular were heavily criticized.”

Odnajdujemy w tym „zabawnym” klubie dobrze znane nam postaci: niezastąpionego Patryka Gordona (który czeka na dedykowany mu cykl notek…) czy Franza Leforta. A także niejakiego Andrzeja Viniusa (Андре́й Андре́евич Ви́ниус):

„Vinius was the son of a Dutch merchant Andries Winius, who in 1627 associated with Isaac Massa and went to Moscovia as a grain trader. In 1628 he married Geertruid van Rijn. In 1632, during the time of Michael of Russia, he settled in Russia to found a water-powered ironworks in Tula, Russia, and in Serpukhov. Then he seems to have forced his wife to become either Greek Orthodox, or Russian Orthodox. Their son Andrew was raised to speak besides Dutch, also Russian and German; he knew French, Polish and Latin too, which he later taught to Peter the Great. Around 1664 Vinius married an aristocratic Russian woman. He became the translator of his second cousin Nicolaas Witsen in 1665, visiting the country in the company of Jacob Boreel. Witsen became his long life friend with their common interesting in cartography. …

He then headed, together with his brother, the Post Office, becoming the first Russian Postmaster in 1675. So he was able to send secretly maps and all kind of antique objects to Witsen. … Vinius was also the one who, after the Azov campaigns, arranged the parade into Moscow under a pagan arch that bewildered many Muscovites.

During the Great Northern War, after the Battle of Narva, Russian artillery was reduced to almost nothing. Peter appointed Vinius to the post of Inspector of Artillery and ordered to produce more cannon. Upon the Tsar’s order and against the wishes of many Russians, Vinius melted down many of the church bells of Russia and even ordered beating-by-knout of the iron founders who were working too slowly. By melting a quarter of the church bells in Russia, eight months after the end of the Battle of Narva Vinius managed to produce hundreds of cannon to send to the Russian army.

Despite his old age, on Peter’s command, he also went into Siberia to look for potential new mines, and ended up establishing several ironworks beyond the Ural Mountains. In 1700 and in 1706 he came to the Dutch Republic. Winius had lost all of his land and goods, because of a conflict with Alexander Danilovich Menshikov. Winius tried to connect the Greek- or Russian Orthodox and Dutch Reformed church. In 1709 Winius was back in Moscow and received back his property. In 1712 his house burned down; his wife died in the fire.”

Ów tatuś naszego Andrzeja, też Andrzej, już w 1632 dostał od cara Michała, wraz z niejakim Peterem Marselisem (z antwerpskiego rodu, a jakże) wyłączność na stawianie owych hut żelaza w Tule. W ciągu kilku lat powstało tam metalurgiczne „zagłębie”. Oczywiście przy wydatnej pomocy niezastąpionych walońskich mistrzów tego fachu…

A w owej Tule z czasem nastał potężny ród Demidowa, Nikity Demidowa.

Reklamy

5 myśli na temat “Jak wykuwała się ruska stal…”

Skomentuj

Wprowadź swoje dane lub kliknij jedną z tych ikon, aby się zalogować:

Logo WordPress.com

Komentujesz korzystając z konta WordPress.com. Wyloguj /  Zmień )

Zdjęcie na Google+

Komentujesz korzystając z konta Google+. Wyloguj /  Zmień )

Zdjęcie z Twittera

Komentujesz korzystając z konta Twitter. Wyloguj /  Zmień )

Zdjęcie na Facebooku

Komentujesz korzystając z konta Facebook. Wyloguj /  Zmień )

w

Connecting to %s