Ojciec Henryka R. – senator Gustaw F. Hertz, 1904 (10 lat po śmierci syna).
Po napisaniu notki o zarządzaniu „masami”, zerknąłem na bardzo ciekawy biogram Henryka Rudolfa Hertza. Otóż, w 1834 jego dziadek, Hertz Hertz, dokonał wraz żoną Betty konwersji na ewangelikalizm, przy okazji zmieniając swoje imiona na Henryk Dawid i Berta. Ochrzcili wtedy także ich syna a ojca Henryka Rudolfa, Gustawa Ferdynanda (przedtem Dawida Gustawa), który został później hamburskim senatorem.
Owa Betty Hertz była córką słynnego bankiera Salomona Oppenheima juniora: „the scion of an illustrious family of „Court Jews” (German: Hofjuden) who had served as advisers and moneylenders to the Prince-Archbishops of Cologne in the Rhineland area for several generations.” **
Ród Oppenheim jest bardzo rozległy, ale warto tu przywołać postać Maksa von Oppenheim, prawie że równolatka jego kuzyna, Henryka Rudofa. Był synem Alberta, który w 1858 przeszedł na katolicyzm, aby poślubić Paulinę Engels, „from an established Cologne merchant family.”
Maks to był „a German lawyer, diplomat, ancient historian, and archaeologist. He was a member of the Oppenheim banking dynasty. Abandoning his career in diplomacy, he discovered the site of Tell Halaf in 1899 and conducted excavations there in 1911-13 and again in 1929. Bringing many of his finds to Berlin, he exhibited them in a private museum. This was destroyed by Allied bombing in World War II. However, most of the findings were recently restored and have been exhibited again at Berlin and Bonn.
Oppenheim was a controversial figure before and during World War I because he was considered a spy by the French and British. He did in fact engage in anti-Allied propaganda, aimed at stirring up the Muslim populations of the Allied-controlled territories against their colonial masters. …
Oppenheim was credited with being the one who came up with the dual approach to fighting the British and French: through regular troops and by encouraging uprisings by the masses. Some among the Arabs reportedly referred to Oppenheim as Abu Jihad („Father of Holy War”). …
After the Nazis took power in 1933, Oppenheim’s Jewish background became a potential threat. Probably protected by old acquaintances in the scientific community, he was able to continue with his scholarly work. Apparently, this involved some efforts to fit into the intellectual climate of the time. According to historian Sean McMeekin: „In a speech before Nazi dignitaries, he went so far as to flatly ascribe his statues to the ‚Aryan’ culture, and he even received support from the Nazi government.” Oppenheim once again wrote a memorandum on Middle Eastern strategic policies. In 1939, he once more travelled to Syria for excavations, coming within sight of Tell Halaf. However, the French authorities refused to award him a permit to dig and he had to depart. With debts of 2 million Reichsmark, Oppenheim was in dire financial trouble. He unsuccessfully tried to sell some of his finds in New York and again negotiated with the German government about the purchase of the Tell Halaf artefacts. While these negotiations continued, the Museum was hit by a British phosphorus bomb in November 1943. It burnt down completely, all wooden and limestone exhibits were destroyed. Those made from basalt were exposed to a thermal shock during attempts to fight the fire and severely damaged. Many statues and reliefs burst into dozens of pieces. Although the Vorderasiatisches Museum Berlin took care of the remains, months passed before all of the pieces had been recovered and they were further damaged by frost and summer heat.
A bombing raid in 1943 also destroyed Oppenheim’s apartment in Berlin and with it much of his library and art collection. He then moved to Dresden, where he lived through the firebombing of February 1945. Having lost virtually all his possessions, Oppenheim moved to Schloss Ammerland (de) in Bavaria, where he stayed with his sister. He died on 15 November 1946 in Landshut and is buried there.”
Z kolei, Gustaw Ludwik Hertz, który dostał w 1925 nobla z fizyki (wraz z Jamesem Franckiem), to bratanek Henryka Rudolfa, ale…
„at the end of 1934, he was forced to resign his position at THB, as he was classified as a „second degree part-Jew”… He then took a position at Siemens, as director of Research Laboratory II. While there, he continued his work on atomic physics and ultrasound, but he eventually discontinued his work on isotope separation. He held this position until he departed for the Soviet Union in 1945. On 27 April 1945, Thiessen arrived at von Ardenne’s institute in an armored vehicle with a major of the Soviet Army, who was also a leading Soviet chemist. All four of the pact members were taken to the Soviet Union. Hertz was made head of Institute G, in Agudseri (Agudzery), about 10 km southeast of Sukhumi…
In his first meeting with Lavrentij Beria, von Ardenne was asked to participate in building the bomb, but von Ardenne quickly realized that participation would prohibit his repatriation to Germany, so he suggested isotope enrichment as an objective, which was agreed to. By the end of the 1940s, nearly 300 Germans were working at the institute, and they were not the total work force. Institute A was used as the basis for the Sukhumi Physical-Technical Institute in Sinop, a suburb of Sukhumi. Volmer went to the Scientific Research Institute No. 9 (NII-9) in Moscow; he was given a design bureau to work on the production of heavy water. In Institute A, Thiessen became leader for developing techniques for manufacturing porous barriers for isotope separation.
In 1949, six German scientists, including Hertz, Thiessen, and Barwich were called in for consultation at Sverdlovsk-44, which was responsible for uranium enrichment. The plant, smaller than the American Oak Ridge gaseous diffusion plant, was getting only a little over half of the expected 90% or higher enrichment. After 1950, Hertz moved to Moscow. In 1951, Hertz was awarded a Stalin Prize, second class, with Barwich. In that year, James Franck and Hertz were jointly awarded the Max Planck Medal by the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. Hertz remained in the Soviet Union until 1955.
Upon return from the Soviet Union, Hertz became ordinarius professor at the University of Leipzig. From 1955 to 1967, he was also the chairman of the Physical Society of the Deutsche Demokratische Republik (GDR); he was honorary chairman from 1967 to 1975.”
No i w końcu, syn Gustawa Ludwika, Karol Helmut, został profesorem w Lund, w Szwecji – za poręczeniem Nielsa Bohra i Jamesa Francka.
**) „Until its sale in 2009, Sal. Oppenheim was the largest privately owned investment/banking house in Europe with assets of €138 billion.”
„The brothers transformed their father’s commission and exchange house into a major private bank. Through Abraham’s marriage in 1834 to Charlotte Beyfus, the Oppenheim family became relatives of the Rothschild banking family [Charlotte była wnuczką znanego nam już „niemieckiego” Rotszylda…].
Abraham Oppenheim figured prominently in the finances of the German railway system, insurance industry, and the engineering and cotton industries. In 1886, he became the first unbaptised Jew to be ennobled in Prussia, being created a baron and being admitted to the inner circle of Kaiser Wilhelm I.”