Biedna Klementyna, czyli „polska” wiki


The solemnisation of the marriage of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart and Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska (Montefiascone 1 September 1719) by Agostino Masucci (1735, Scottish National Portrait Gallery)


Wielokrotnie wskazywałem na tendencyjność „polskiej” wikipedii – np. wpisy nt. polskiego Kościoła są tam, delikatnie mówiąc, wypaczone, a z kolei niektóre tematy (szczególnie te żydowskie) w ogóle nie istnieją, pomimo szerokich omówień po angielsku itp. itd. Kolejny szczyt został osiągnięty przy okazji wnuczki Jana III. Oto co po polsku napisali:

Maria Klementyna Sobieska herbu Janina (ur. 17 lipca 1701 w Oławie, zm. 17 stycznia 1735 w Rzymie)… Po urodzeniu drugiego dziecka, pogrążona w depresji, opuściła męża i synów. Zamieszkała w klasztorze św. Cecylii w Rzymie, gdzie poświęciła się modlitwie i ascezie. Wkrótce zmarła (zagłodziła się na śmierć) i została pochowana w podziemiach Bazyliki św. Piotra na Watykanie.”

Tymczasem, po angielsku mamy odpowiednio taki tekst:

The married life of James and Maria Clementina proved turbulent and unhappy. Reportedly, James initially had a favorable impression of her because of her beauty, while she disliked him because of his lack of it, as well as his passive nature. She befriended the governess of her son, a Mrs Sheldon, who became her confidant and favourite. On the other hand, she disliked the influence of James’ favourite John Hay of Cromlix and his wife Marjorie, and reportedly, she suspected James of having an affair with Marjorie Hay.

In 1725, soon after their second child’s birth, James fired Sheldon and appointed James Murray as the guardian of their sons against the wishes of Maria Clementina. She left him and went to live in convent of St. Cecilia in Rome with her favorite Sheldon and the rest of her personal retinue. She accused her husband of adultery, while he said it was sinful to leave him and her children. Upon the advice of Cardinal Alberoni, who claimed it was her only chance to gain support against her husband, Maria Clementina claimed that James wished to give his son a Protestant education. This claim secured her the support of the Pope as well as the Kingdom of Spain against James and the sympathy of the public when she demanded that James remove the Duke of Dunbar and the Hays from his court and reinstate Sheldon in her position. In April 1726, James granted her sons permission to visit her. The whole affair was seen as a scandal in Europe and reported about by anti-Jacobite agents in Rome. In May 1727, through the mediation of the duke of Liria, James removed the Hay couple from his court, and in January 1728, Maria Clementina and James reconciled in Bologna.

In practice, however, Maria Clementina and James lived the rest of their marriage separated: James preferred to reside in Albano, while Maria Clementina lived in the Palazzo Muti in Rome. She was prone to depression, spending much of her time praying and submitting to religious fasting and other Catholic ascetic rituals, which is thought to have played a role in the fact that she never conceived again. Her sexual relations to James soon discontinued; they seldom dined together, and though they were officially reconciled, she preferred to avoid him outside formal occasions. Maria Clementina did perform the ceremonial functions she had as Jacobite queen: in June 1729, for example, she gave an audience for Montesquieu. Her favourite Mrs Sheldon did not officially reside at the Jacobite court, but she provided her with a residence close to it, and kept her as a confidante. Her relation to her younger son was not close, as he was his father’s favourite, but she was close to their elder son Charles, who was his mother’s favourite: during an illness of Charles in 1732, for example, Maria Clementina tended to him despite the fact that he fell ill in Albano and she was thus forced to meet James.

Her health was weakened by her ascetic life style and deteriorated as the years went by. Maria Clementina died at the early age of 32 on 18 January 1735. She was interred with full royal honors in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Pope Clement XII ordered that she have a state burial. Pope Benedict XIV commissioned Pietro Bracci (1700–1773) to sculpt a monument to her memory, which was erected in the Basilica.”



5 myśli na temat “Biedna Klementyna, czyli „polska” wiki”

  1. „The Pope then leased from the Marchese Muti and refurbished one of the largest palaces then available in Rome, which had rooms suitable for a royal court as well as a garden, and placed it at the young couple’s disposal [tj. dla Klementyny i Jakuba]. Thereafter, it was called the Palazzo del Re and stands at the northern end of the Piazza dei Santissimi Apostoli. By coincidence, it was next door to the Palazzo Odescalchi, vacated just five years before by Clementina’s grandmother, Queen Marie-Casimire of Poland, the destructive but much-adored wife of King John III. …

    Finally, at midnight on 3 September 1719, Bishop Sebastiano Bonaventura celebrated the marriage of the thirty-one-year-old James Francis Edward Stuart, rightful King of Scotland, England and Ireland, the only son and heir of King James VII & II by Princess Mary d’Este, daughter of Alphonso IV, Duke of Modena, and the seventeen-year-old Princess Marie-Clementina Sobieska, daughter of Crown Prince James Louis Sobieski of Poland and Princess Hedwig Elisabeth of Bavaria-Neuburg. In London, the outwitted George I and his Hanoverian government fumed in impotent rage.”

    „Shortly after, James became embroiled in another Jacobite conspiracy, this time centred on London itself – testimony to the deep dissatisfaction felt even in the capital of the Hanoverian Whig administration. It was organised under the leadership of the London lawyer Christopher Layer and, in England, included the Duke of Norfolk, the Earls of Orrery and Stafford, Lords Bathurst and Lansdowne, as well as Sir Henry Goring and Sir William Wyndham. Others were the Earl of Mar and General Dillon in Scotland and the Earl of Arran in Ireland. But the long-famous Stuart bad luck struck again. Just at this time, the supportive Pope Clement XI died and was replaced by the hostile Innocent XIII. In desperate need of a financing source, James turned to the French regent, the Duke of Orléans. But he had long held a petty-minded grudge against the Stuarts and promptly informed the British government, albeit on condition that no one involved would be executed as a consequence. The Hanoverians promised, then broke their word.”

    „From the Castle of Żółkiew on 1 March 1735, Prince James wrote to the Tsarina Anne of: the tragic death and loss to me of Clementina, the Queen of His British Royal Highness, my most beloved daughter for whom I will grieve throughout eternity, who on the 18th of January, by the will of our Lord, left this Earth. She has however left me, her desperate father, the particular consolation of her two sons, my most beloved grandsons, whom into your Imperial Majesty’s protection I humbly ask you receive, that through the intervention of your all-powerful Imperial Majesty they might receive the indygenat at the next session of the Polish Parliament.

    Terminated by the old prince’s death, nothing ever came of his plans.”

    Pininski, Peter. Bonnie Prince Charlie: A Life


  2. „Cardinal, Duke of York, known by the Jacobites as „Henry IX, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland”; born at Rome, 11 March, 1725; died at Frascati, 13 July, 1807. He was the second son of James Francis Edward Stuart, the Chevalier de St. George, and Clementina, daughter of Prince James Sobieski. In 1745, when hopes of a Stuart restoration ran high, he visited France, hoping to embark with French troops to the assistance of his brother Charles Edward. Having spent several months at Dunkirk without effect, he returned to Rome with the intention of entering the ecclesiastical state. In 1747, at the age of twenty-two, he was created cardinal, and during the following year he received Holy Orders, being ordained priest on 1 September. He was immediately made archpriest of the Vatican Basilica, and shortly afterwards cardinal camerlengo. In November, 1759, he was consecrated titular Archbishop of Corinth, and on 13 July, 1761, became Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati. Being sincerely pious and earnest, he proved a zealous administrator of his see, reforming the clergy, and founding a seminary which he endowed with a magnificent library. At the French Revolution he lost his French benefices, sacrificed many other resources to assist the pope, and finally was reduced to poverty by the seizure of his Frascati property by the French. Old and infirm, he fled to Padua and thence to Venice. King George III then came to his assistance, aiding him with a life-annuity till he was able to return to Frascati in 1800. In return for this kindness the cardinal bequeathed to the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV, the crown jewels of James II. In September, 1803, he became Bishop of Ostia and Velletri, and Dean of the Sacred College, though he still resided at Frascati. At his death the Stuart papers in his possession were bought by George IV for the Royal Library, and others are now in the British Museum. There are three pictures of him in the National Portrait Gallery, London, and one at Blairs College, Aberdeen.”



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