„In 1685, Montagu’s verses on the death of King Charles II made such an impression on the Earl of Dorset that he was invited to town and introduced to other entertainments. In 1687, Montagu joined with Matthew Prior in „The City Mouse and the Country Mouse”, a burlesque of John Dryden’s The Hind and the Panther. He sat in the Convention Parliament of 1689. At about the same time he married his cousin’s widow, the Dowager Countess of Manchester and intended taking Holy Orders but changed his mind and purchased for £1,500 a position as Clerk of the Council.”
Przyjrzyjmy sie wpierw temu Karolowi z Dorset:
„He bore his share in the excesses for which Sir Charles Sedley and Lord Rochester were notorious. In 1662 he and his brother Edward, with three other gentlemen, were indicted for the robbery and murder of a tanner named Hoppy. The defence was that they were in pursuit of thieves, and mistook Hoppy for a highwayman. They appear to have been acquitted, for when in 1663 Sir Charles Sedley was tried for a gross breach of public decency in Covent Garden, Sackville, who had been one of the offenders, according to Samuel Pepys was asked by the Lord Chief Justice „whether he had so soon forgot his deliverance at that time, and that it would have more become him to have been at his prayers begging God’s forgiveness than now running into such courses again.”
Something in his character made his follies less obnoxious to the citizens than those of the other rakes, for he was never altogether unpopular, and Rochester is said to have told Charles II that „he did not know how it was, my Lord Dorset might do anything, yet was never to blame”…
On James’s accession, therefore, he retired from court. He concurred in the invitation to William of Orange, who made him a Privy Counsellor, Lord Chamberlain (1689), and Knight of the Garter (1692). During William’s absences in 1695–1698 he was one of the Lord Chief Justices of the Realm. In 1699 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society”.
Wracając do naszego „bohatera”:
„John Macky, relates a short description of the circumstances leading up to Charles, Lord Halifax’s impeachment, in the Secret Service Papers published by his son in 1733.
…But as all courtiers, who rise too quick, as he did, are envied, so his great Favour with the King, and powerful Interest in the House, raised a great Party against him, which he strengthened, by seeming to despise them. The Deficiency of Parliamentary Funds, and the growing Debts of the Nation, by the great Interest of Paper Credit, laid him but too much open to these Attacks, he having the whole Administration of the Revenue. When he saw the Party growing too strong for him in the House of Commons, he prudently got himself made a Lord; and as a Screen from all Objections against his Administration, quitted his Management of Commissioner, to serve as Auditor: But his Enemies did not quit him so, they followed him into the House of Peers with an Impeachment, and so left no Stone unturned, to get him out of his Employ, bespattering him every Day with Pamphlets.
—Memoirs of the Secret Services of John Macky Esq., pp. 51–54
On the accession of Queen Anne, Montagu was dismissed from the Council, and in the first Parliament of her reign was again attacked by the Commons, and again escaped by the protection of the Lords. …At the Queen’s death Montagu was again appointed one of the regents. At the accession of George I, he was made Viscount Sunbury and Earl of Halifax…”
A co do autora owej Pantery:
„Dryden converted to Catholicism more or less simultaneously with the accession of the Roman Catholic king James II in 1685, to the disgust of many Protestant writers. The Hind and the Panther is considered the major poetic result of Dryden’s conversion, and presents some evidence for thinking that Dryden became a Catholic from genuine conviction rather than political time-serving…
He wrote Britannia Rediviva celebrating the birth of a son and heir to the Catholic King and Queen on 10 June 1688. When later in the same year James II was deposed in the Glorious Revolution, Dryden’s refusal to take the oaths of allegiance to the new monarchs, William and Mary, left him out of favour at court. …
Charles Dryden (1666–1704), was chamberlain to Pope Innocent XII, He was the eldest son of John Dryden the poet. He was educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Oxford: translated Juvenal’s seventh satire for his father’s version, 1692. He drowned in the Thames.”