Jak Turcy reformację wspierali


A Dutch crescent-shaped Geuzen medal at the time of the anti-Spanish Dutch Revolt, with the slogan „Liver Turcx dan Paus” („Rather Turkish than Pope (i.e. Papist)”), 1570.


Niezawodny Grzegorz Braun znowu przypomniał o takim „szczególe”, o którym tzw. polscy historycy nie chcą pamiętać. A wystarczy zajrzeć do angielskiej wiki:

During the development of the Reformation, Protestantism and Islam were considered closer to each other than they were to Catholicism: „Islam was seen as closer to Protestantism in banning images from places of worship, in not treating marriage as a sacrament and in rejecting monastic orders”… Further, the Ottomans supported the Calvinists in Transylvania and Hungary but also in France

Overall, the military activism of the Ottoman Empire on the southern European front probably was the reason why Lutheranism was able to survive in spite of the opposition of Charles V and reach recognition at the Peace of Augsburg in September 1555: „the consolidation, expansion and legitimization of Lutheranism in Germany by 1555 should be attributed to Ottoman imperialism more than to any other single factor”.

…Contacts soon became more direct. William of Orange sent ambassadors to the Ottoman Empire for help in 1566. When no other European power would help, „the Dutch cause was offered active support, paradoxically enough, only by the Ottoman Turks”… In 1574, William of Orange and Charles IX of France, through his pro-Huguenot ambassador François de Noailles, Bishop of Dax, tried again to obtain the support of the Ottoman ruler Selim II. Selim II sent his support through a messenger, who endeavoured to put the Dutch in contact with the rebellious Moriscos of Spain and the pirates of Algiers. Selim also sent a great fleet which conquered Tunis in October 1574, thus succeeding in reducing Spanish pressure on the Dutch, and leading to negotiations at the Conference of Breda. After the death of Charles IX in May 1574 however, contacts weakened, although the Ottomans are said to have supported the 1575-1576 revolt, and establish a Consulate in Antwerp (De Griekse Natie). The Ottomans made a truce with Spain, and shifted their attention to their conflict with Persia, starting the long Ottoman–Safavid War (1578–1590)…

The phrase Liever Turks dan Paaps („Rather a Turk than a Papist„) was a Dutch slogan during the Dutch Revolt of the end of the 17th [16th] century. The slogan was used by the Dutch mercenary naval forces (the „Sea Beggars”) in their fight against Catholic Spain. The banner of the Sea Beggars was also similar to that of the Turks, with a crescent on a red background. The phrase „Liever Turks dan Paaps” was coined as a way to express that life under the Ottoman Sultan would have been more desirable than life under the King of Spain… During the Thirty Years War (1618–1648), the Dutch would strengthen contacts with the Moriscos against Spain.”

Dla niezorientowanych – po wygnaniu Żydów z Hiszpanii i Portugalii, główne „centra finansowe” diaspory żydowskiej znajdowały się od połowy XVI wieku w Amsterdamie i Konstantynopolu…

PS. A tak, dużo wcześniej, opierali się arabskiej inwazji owi papistowscy Hiszpanie.


5 myśli na temat “Jak Turcy reformację wspierali”

  1. „Selim also sent a great fleet which conquered Tunis in October 1574, thus succeeding in reducing Spanish pressure on the Dutch, and leading to negotiations at the Conference of Breda.”
    Co stawia w nowym świetle cytat z Burzy Szekspira:
    She that is Queen of Tunis; she that dwells
    Ten leagues beyond man’s life; she that from Naples
    Can have no note, unless the sun were post—
    The man i’ th’ moon’s too slow—till newborn chins
    Be rough and razorable; she that from whom
    We all were sea-swallowed, though some cast again,
    And by that destiny to perform an act
    Whereof what’s past is prologue, what to come
    In yours and my discharge.

        What stuff is this? How say you?
    ‚Tis true, my brother’s daughter’s Queen of Tunis,
    So is she heir of Naples, ’twixt which regions
    There is some space.”



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